VALERIA CHERCHI Someone of you killed Luisa, 2020 SOYKLTo confuse Farouk, the kidnappers put some lights in an abandoned house near one of the shelters. They told him someone was living there. Farouk thought that maybe they were stay- ing near a village, near Pantogia. Farouk’s bandits were scared of being caught. They hid and lied. They hid and lied because they knew they were guilty. If they weren’t guilty they wouldn’t have been scared; they wouldn’t hide; they wouldn’t lie. Matteo Boe was on the run for Farouk’s kidnapping from July until October 1992. On 13th October the fugitive was surprised in Porto-Vecchio, Corsica, in a hotel with his partner and their two children. SOYKLDear Valeria, My summer unfortunately is not going well at all. On 22nd July I lost my brother. He drowned in the sea of Cala Liberotto. He was 60 years old and was our older brother who left behind 4 sorrowful sisters. Yesterday I finally started my holidays in this horrifying sultry and violent summer. I’m exhausted and in two days I’ll leave to spend some time in the mountains in the beautiful Trentino. So we will not meet. I’m sorry. A hug, Cristina- Cristina Berardi was kidnapped on 20th June 1987 and released on 19th October 1987. SOYKLMario potrayed in Barbagia. Mario is my main contact. He will give me some opportunities to establish trust and will protect me: in fact, according to everyone, the area is very difficult. He’s originally from Mamoiada and Orgosolo, two villages in Barbagia, but he currently lives in Nuoro. Mario was a close friend of Peppino Marotto, a poet and trade unionist from Orgosolo killed in broad daylight, in the centre of Barbagia. A composer of popular songs, engaged in politics with the Communist Party, and in society Peppino Marotto was an example of what in Sardinian is called ‘omines de gabbale’: a man of value. On 29th December 2007, aged 82, he was killed by six pistol shots from behind at 10:30 in the Corso Garibaldi on his way to the newsstand to buy newspapers. The brazen murder then sounded, for the whole of Sardinia, as a mocking challenge to the law and institutions. The killer, who escaped on foot, has never been brought to justice. SOYKLThe previous day, on the way back from The Cave-Fridge, we found many animals that perished in the January snowfall. In a region that’s warm for most of the year, bad weather conditions have always been a big issue on the island, especially for shepherds. Often they’re ill-prepared and as a result lose a number of cattle. Some villagers suggest the shepherds aren’t being proactive to avoid cattle death to bad weather because it allows them to claim money from the government. The forest, like the mountain the previous day, looks like a battlefield. But this time of flora. I decide to pull over and photograph what the snowfall’s left behind. SOYKL“Our kidnappers tried to alleviate our suffering. They were fugitives, and in a way they had to be kidnappers to survive.” Ghezzi and De André also consider their kidnappers victims, and a relationship of understanding was created. Dori Ghezzi and Fabrizio De André were a couple and popular Italian singers kidnapped together on 27th August 1979 and released on 20th (Dori) and 21st (Fabrizio) December 1979. I tried to meet Dori Ghezzi, but unfortunately she didn’t feel like meeting me and talking about her kidnapping experience. In 2018 a movie called Fabrizio De André – Free Prince was broadcast on television. Dori Ghezzi is interviewed on a famous TV program and tells of the kidnapping and the total absence of freedom. “Our love was quite free; neither belonged to the other in the true sense of the word. This was perhaps the real reason why our relationship lasted. I’ve never felt that I own Fabrizio fully, and he probably felt the same about me.” She said on tv. SOYKLThe damnatio ad metalla issue is deeply linked to the spread of Christianity: in Sardinia evidence is patchy from around that time, as is the location where some martyrs were made. The analysis of the penal institution and the evolution of the meaning of the term metallum confirm that the expression ad metalla has the dual meaning of hard labour in mines and in quarries. SOYKL“22nd September 2003: At the end of her fourteenth birthday party Luisa said: “I can’t believe it, mum: next year I’ll be 15… 25th November 2003: Luisa goes out onto the balcony of her family home, on the first floor, where there is a shoe rack. She’s wearing slippers and needs to put on her shoes to go to her dance class. In front of her, beyond the street lit by lamps, only the countryside — only darkness. It’s 18:25 and drizzling. There’s no vegetation, just some bushes … The dog roses, the closest to home, hides a person or maybe two. Shots.” From Laura Manfredi, Luisa’s mother, self-published book in 2009 L’inconveniente (The Inconvenience). SOYKLThe Romans, who ruled Sardinia for about six centuries, divided the island into two main regions: Romània and Barbària. Romània was located along the coast and its economically prosperous lands. 55 Barbària, which nowadays is known as Barbagia, includes the interior of the island. It’s a sort of enclave that’s difficult to access and is inhabited by people whom the Romans used to call Barbarians — a rebellious and hostile group. SOYKLBetween 1960 and 1997, around one hundred eighty-four people were kidnapped for ransom in Sardinia. Twelve were minors (under 18) and twenty-one were women. Thirty-two never returned home. Seven had part of their ears cut off. 1979 saw the highest number of kidnappings (thirteen), seven of whom were women. 22 The last kidnapping happened in 2006 and the last attempted kidnapping in 2014. SOYKLThe Sardinian kidnapping phenomenon is a part of the evolution of crimes on the island. To describe the groups behind kidnappings for ransom the expression Anonima Sequestri Sarda was largely used by Italian media. The bandits, before kidnapping people, used to steal herds. Later they realised that people were more profitable and they started kidnapping men; until they realised that the monetary value of women and children was even higher. With the advent of technology in the nineties, a new law came into force that blocked the release of money from the victim’s families and increased the penalty for the crime of kidnapping. The criminals directed their interest towards other activities like armed robbery, burglary, and drug dealing. SOYKLDon Luigino Monni was one of the emissaries in Farouk’s kidnapping. He is the person who found Farouk’s era. I call him and we meet for the first time in Momoiada (2,543 inhabitants 87), where he works as a priest in the main church Beata Vergine Assunta. SOYKLIn Barbagia the relationship between the governed individual and the governed authority is completely unique. There is a formal authority, the state, which is undermined by the other authority, the community, which is perhaps more respected, especially for it’s justice system and it’s own set of rules.